People with vision loss use their remaining senses, in addition to any usable vision they may have, to orient themselves within a space. Acoustic, olfactory (i.e., related to the sense of smell) and tactile elements in a building lobby all convey important information about the organization of the space and can help with wayfinding. A logically organized, uncluttered space is easiest to navigate.
Entrance lobbies can present particular challenges for people with vision loss in terms of lighting. Give careful attention to the transition in lighting levels between outdoors and indoors. There should be a gentle gradation from the natural light levels outside to the light levels inside. You should also take into account the changes in exterior lighting levels from day to night. Further information is provided in the lighting section.
There are many ways to facilitate wayfinding in public buildings. Provide information and communications systems within the main entrance lobby, as well as tactile guidance systems that allow people with vision loss to find amenities such as reception desks, building directories and tactile maps. For more details, see the section on information and communication systems.