Online Resources:

Braille Literacy Canada (Digital Accessible Information System)
The international standard for audio information for people impacted by blindness and other print disabilities

Illuminating Engineering Society of North America

Guidelines for the Application of Crossing Solutions National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016.
An excellent resource to help designers visualize pedestrian crossing at roundabouts.

International Organization for Standardization

International Symbol of Access

Royal National Institute of Blind People (UK)

CSA Group provides Canada with a catalogue of more than 30,000 ISO and IEC standards, including more than 3,000 published standards & codes. Visit ShopCSA to access their documentation.

Singapore Association of the Visually Handicapped

Transportation Association of Canada

Web Accessibility Initiative (
General information on accessible website design


Echolocation: “How blind people use batlike sonar” (


ASME A17.1-2013/CSA B44-13 Canadian Standards Association’s “Safety code for elevators and escalators”
c.f. Appendix E (Provisions for Persons with Disabilities)

CAN/CSA B651 Accessible design for the built environment

CAN/CSA-B651.2-07 Canadian Standards Association’s “Accessible Design for Self-Service Interactive Devices”

ISO 23599 – Assistive products for blind and vision-impaired persons – Tactile walking surface indicators.

ISO/FDIS 21542 Building Construction – Accessibility and usability of the built environment

CAN/ULC standards (fire alarm systems)


The CNIB Foundation’s Clear Print guidelines (PDF)

Tactile Signage: Sign System and Installation Guide (Government of Canada)


CNIB’s “Step-by-Step” video
This video series provides information on how to use the “sighted guide technique” to guide someone with blindness while working, as well as how to offer assistance in various situations.